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What do the symbols of Haft Sin table mean?

haft sin

Nowruz (symbols of HaftSin) is one of the oldest national holidays of us Iranians.  Nowruz is celebrated every year. Nowruz is a beautiful story in which nature, feeling and society of all three are used and give a new feeling to life. Nowruz is a very long century that boasts of all the festivals of the world.  Nowruz is a time of joy for the earth, the sky, the sun, and the celebration of blossoms.  Nowruz has always been full of excitement for us.  These days are a time to renew great memories, the memory of man’s kinship with nature and love for it.  Just as God did not start the world and nature with autumn and winter or summer, but He has made spring the beginning of subjugation and growth. Haftsin is a symbol of this coexistence in nature.  Picking seven scenes is one of our Iranian customs

the symbols of Haft Sin table

One of the most interesting and spectacular rituals and traditions among Iranians, which has flourished for many years, is setting the Haft-e-Sin table. Many of you dear ones, may ask why the New Year delivery table is called Haft-e-Sin.  It should be said that the symbols of HaftSin philosophy is the symbols of each of its components.  In fact, each of the Haftsin persian tableware has its own symbol and meaning.  As you know, the Achaemenids, who were among the pre-Islamic Iranians, named their table Haft Chin.  On Nowruz, they poured food into seven porcelain dishes and called it seven porcelain.  In a series of historical sources, it is stated that the ancient Iranians also had the Haft Shin table.

This Haft Shin persian tablecloth included: candy branches, anemones, syrup, boxwood, wine, sweets, nectar, and persian candles.  It has changed over time. In many villages, it was customary to set up a seven-tray table, meaning that different foods were placed inside the seven trays, but over time, with the removal of the Nowruz table, it has become seven persian trays.

The Haft-e-Sin table has existed in our culture for a long time.  Even today, the Haft-e-Sin table is set in the last hours of the year with changes compared to the past.

Spreading the Haft-e-Sin tablecloth just hours before the New Year is one of the rituals left over from ancient Iran.  Today, the people of Iran spread the Haft-e-Sin tablecloth on the floor or table and place the Quran, fish, persian mirror, and Haft-e-Sin, including garlic, vinegar, elm, and so on.  In this article, we will talk in detail about the symbols of the HaftSin table.  So stay with us until the end.


haft-seen items meaning

First Sin; Oleaster

The presence of Elm on the table of Haft-e-Sin indicates that he has done his actions “deliberately”.  Because elm is a symbol of prudent action and inclination to reason, others consider Sanjad as a haft-seen symbols of love and affection and believe that its presence on the Haft-e-Sin table increases the love and affection between family members.


Second sin: Apple

An apple on the Haft-e-Sin table is a symbol of health and well-being, and its presence on this table brings the health of the members of that family to the end of the year and keeps them away from any disease.


Third Sin: swarthy

Green is a symbol of happiness, vitality, peace, self-sacrifice, and life, and its presence at the Haft-e-Sin table brings happiness and freshness to family members. Some also consider green as a symbol of the angel of May.

Fourth Seine;  Samanoo

Semno is a symbol of power, goodness, and blessing. Semno is made from wheat and because it is nutritious, it is also called man-creating food.  Its presence on the Haft-e-Sin table brings strength, patience, and justice to family members.


Fifth Seine: Garlic

There are several reasons for the presence of garlic on the symbols of the HaftSin table.  Some consider it a symbol of Ahura Mazda and a symbol of health and wellness.  Some people have mentioned the medicinal properties of garlic and consider it as a symbol of healing diseases in the New Year.  Dignity, disinfection, and cleansing of the environment, protection against evil, and guardian of the table are also some of the symbols that have been said for garlic.

Sixth sin: Vinegar

Vinegar is considered a symbol of immortality, and its presence in the Haft-e-Sin table is known as removing life’s troubles.  Some also believe that vinegar is a symbol of satisfaction and invites us to accept the troubles of life.


Seventh Sin; sumac

Sumac is a symbol of patience, forbearance, and endurance, and its presence on the table of Haft-e-Sin reminds us that we must pass the coming year with patience and forbearance.

In addition to the mentioned elements, other elements are also present in the Haftsin table.  For example, the Qur’an, Shahnameh, or the book of Hafez’s poems are always placed next to the Haft-e-Sin tableware.  The mirror is also a symbol of light and always has a special place on the Haft Sin table.

Fish is also a symbol of procreation and endeavor, and many place it on the Haft-e-Sin table.  Of course, fish from Chinese culture has entered Iranian culture, and many experts believe that placing it on the seventh table is contrary to the freedom and rights of animals.  We also recommend that you do not use fish on your table.  Candles are also a symbol of light and brightness.  Some attribute the presence of the candle to the ancient Iranian religion, Zoroaster.  Candles and fire are the manifestation of purity and burn the sins of man.  Others paint the Nowruz eggs and place them on the Haftsin table.  This custom is also related to the Zoroastrian religion and indicates childbirth.

Haft Sin table

Nowruz trips are considered as one of the most beautiful parts of the Nowruz holidays, But the roads are usually very crowded.  Therefore, many travelers choose the hours before the delivery year to start their journey.  By doing this, you will definitely not wait in heavy traffic.  Most travelers prefer to spend the delivery year around their symbols of the HaftSin table and start their new year by eating one of the Nowruz dishes.  Now that we have talked to you about the symbols of Haftsin, you must have realized the importance of this traditional custom.  So it is better to prepare a small travel table for yourself.

Vinegar is the only liquid element in the symbols of the HaftSin table, and if you are careless, it may cause you trouble.  However, to create a travel tablecloth, you can pour the vinegar into a small bottle and take it with you.  You can put some sumac in a bag and put some Nowruz coins in it.  Apples, garlic, and elm are also placed in a small bag.  You can get a small vegetable from the vendors and pour some semi in a container with a tight lid.  In this way, with the minimum, you can use the positive energy of the symbols of the HaftSin table at the moment of the delivery year.

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