Persian art and handicrafts have one of the richest art heritages in world history and have been strong in many media.including architecture, painting, weaving, pottery, calligraphy, metalworking and sculpture. At different times, influences from the art of neighbouring civilisations have been very important, and latterly Persian art gave and received major influences as part of the wider styles of Islamic art. This article covers the art of Persia up to 1925, and the end of the Qajar dynasty. for later art see Iranian modern and contemporary art, and for traditional crafts see arts of Iran. Rock art in Iran is its most ancient surviving art. Iranian architecture is covered in that article.
From the Achaemenid Empire of 550 BC–330 BC for most of the time a large Iranian-speaking state has ruled over areas similar to the modern boundaries of Iran. often much wider areas sometimes called Greater Iran, where a process of cultural Persianization left enduring results even when rulership separated. Court-sponsored art has left many of the most impressive survivals.
The general Islamic style of dense decoration, geometrically laid out, developed in Persia into a supremely elegant and harmonious style. Under the Safavid dynasty in the 16th century, this style was used across a wide variety of media and diffused from the court artists of the shah, most being mainly painters.