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About Haft Sin table


The seventy is a collection of seven symbolic things whose name begins with the letter “Sin” and is traditionally spread on Nowruz, the Iranian New Year.  Haftosin is one of the most famous Haft Sin ceremonies that is placed on the floor, Persian table runner, or Persian termeh tablecloth, and usually, family members sit next to it during the turn of the year.This tablecloth is about gathering and choosing seven things from the opposite: apples, elm, sumac, garlic, vinegar, greens (wheat seeds and the like have already been planted and planted on a plate), Nowruz coins, semi, and lavender.  As is customary, other things are placed on the table to complement the spiritual and symbolic meanings of the breasts;  Including Persian mirrors, Persian books, Persian candlesticks, colored Nowruz eggs, goldfish, flowers, sweets, and the like, which are according to the custom, tradition, and belief of different people, are placed on the seventh table.  The seventh table usually stays in the houses until the end of Nowruz, and some people leave the green in the water on the thirteenth day of Nowruz.

Historically, anything on this table can be a symbol of New Year wishes Wishes such as health, fertility, tolerance, blessing, victory, wisdom, and other things. The Haft Sin Set is not for Nowruz and some people prepare this or a similar table for a wedding celebration or Shab-e Cheleh.

Iranians pick up seven Persian trays at home before the end of the year and spend a lot of time doing this. The philosophy of seven trays has a long history in this nation, which will make Nowruz and picking seven trays attractive and lovable for them. In this article, we have talked more about the philosophy of Nowruz and the symbols of the Haft-e-Sin table.



What is the philosophy of the Haft sin table?

Haftsin tablecloth is a great philosophy of Nowruz. This tablecloth is spread in homes during the 13 days of Eid and some of them entertain their guests next to this tablecloth.  Blessings are very common in most wedding ceremonies in setting the wedding table.

In the past, with the interpretations and evidence that exist, Haftsin has been held in different ways, and the philosophy of Haftsin has changed so far. Here, we will review the philosophy of Haftsin from the past to the present and its commonalities.  We point out.

According to the Iranica encyclopedia, the seven trays were originally seven trays or seven memes, which means seven assemblies in which different Persian gifts and food were placed in these trays or assemblies. Rarely, these seven trays were renamed Haft Chin.  The philosophy of naming it is due to placing seven stackers on or inside the tray.

According to historians, Haft-e-Sin was paler in the Safavid period than in previous periods, and only according to the allusions made by World War II, seven flowers were planted on Nowruz on the occasion of this Eid, which began with the names of Sin-e-Sin.  According to these references, Sepand and Semno have been used in the past, each with its philosophy. Sepand is a symbol of Sepandar Maz and Semno is a symbol of Anahita who was a saint in Zoroastrianism because on the day of cooking Semno for Anahita  All members must be women and men were not present.

During the Sassanid period, Haftsin was changed to planting seven seeds in seven columns. Despite these changes, Haftsin was a symbol that was used in different ways in different periods. Also, in the poems of many great poets, this ritual was held.  And the philosophy of Haft-e-Sin has made direct and indirect references.

Today, the Haft-e-Sin table is composed of seven “sins” of green, garlic, semi, apple, vinegar, sumac, elm, coin, or lavender, each of which is a symbol of life, happiness, and health.  , Mirror, candlestick, egg, water, bread, and… are also used, which shows goodness and blessings for family members.

It has been on the Iranian Eid table for many centuries. Seven foods and objects that begin with the letter “Sin” are used. Also, after Islam, the Quran is an important part of the Iranian table and they start the new year by reciting verses from the Quran. Fish, painted eggs, and a mirror.  The other components make up the Haftsin table.  It is also common to put lavender, coins, and Persian samovars that have nothing to do with the truth of Haftsin, as well as goldfish, which are Chinese lavender and are left on Chinese Eid for life to flow, but the Iranians keep goldfish tight inside.  They have to die.

There was also a Persian pomegranate in Haftsin Parsi, which is a sign of love and fertility, and the fact that apples were placed in a container full of clean and clear water so that love and fertility would continue.



The reason for changing Shin to Sin

During the Sassanid and pre-Islamic periods, Iranians used eight sins during Nowruz, which included wine, candles, nectar, syrup, boxwood, and anemone. After the arrival of Islam in Iran and the prohibition of wine, the use of vinegar to  The title of wine sister and twin became popular, and thus the Haftsin was changed and Haftsin was replaced by Haftsin.



The cause of the number seven in Nowruz

In Persian, the number seven is called “Amrdad” and means life and immortality, so the ancient Iranians chose seven words as their symbol and used them on the Nowruz table.

While the number seven is known as a sacred number for the ancient Iranians, hence it is used for many positive, auspicious, and fortune-telling concepts, including the seven rainbows, the seven khans of Rostam in the Shahnameh, seven days a week, the seven heavens,  Seven climates, seven cities of love are used in mysticism, seven bodies, seven angels and so on.

It is also interesting to know that the number seven is important in the Qur’an and among Muslims as well so in some verses of the Qur’an the number seven is mentioned;  For example, the first qaris were seven people and Hajj has seven stages.

Therefore, the issue of why the number seven has not changed in the past, despite the changes that have taken place in the seven “sins”, refers to the beliefs of Iranians from the past to the present, and as we said, the number seven was sacred in the past.  And that is why Haftsin is used on Nowruz.

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