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Types of Gemstones

Types of Persian Gemstone and minerals have long been of special importance among the various ethnic groups of human society.  The beauty of these minerals was so important that the ancient people believed in supernatural powers such as the secret of eternal youth, healing spells, luck, and fortune.

Today, although these beliefs are rejected, it must be admitted that the industry of extraction and processing of Persian Gemstone and Persian jewelry has become the healing spell of the economies of many countries and has a significant share of world trade.  In this article, we refer to a number of Types of Persian Gemstone and semi-gemstone and minerals that Iranians knew and used.

Turquoise: The name of this stone is derived from the French word Turquoise meaning Turkish stone.  The smoother and larger the turquoise, the more valuable it is.  The color of this stone also changes from blue-green to pale yellow.  Firoozeh is found in Arizona, New Mexico, USA, Australia, Afghanistan, and Iran (Neishabour and Damghan);  Neishabour Ajami and Shajari turquoise are very famous not only in the country but also in the world due to its excellent quality;  Ajami turquoise is round and coarse and its pure color (garlic blue) is used as the most expensive type of turquoise to make a ring.

Striped turquoise is also called Shajari;  This type of Persian Turquoise  consists of a community of several turquoise grains inside the stone

Agate: Agate or agate (a type of quartz) is another type of Persian Gemstone;  Ordinary agate or agate is made from regular layers of chalcedony, with most amethyst crystals in the center.  The chemical composition of opal is silica, but sometimes elements such as Al, Fe, Mg, Ca, Ni, and Cr is also placed next to it.  Opal is characterized by its fineness and light color.  Opal is translucent, opaque, and has a glassy luster.  Agate is white to dark gray and black, yellow to red, light green and blue, and is popular among second-rate gemstones.  The best are red, yellow and white.  A species that has many mica particles and is shiny is called enchanting.  After Neishabour Turquoise Mine, the oldest type of Gemstones mine in Iran is Baig Mine.  This mine is located in Khorasan Razavi province.  Share Bamrud agate mine is also located in South Khorasan and as the only Shajr agate mine in Iran, it supplies most of the raw materials for agate cutting workshops.