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About Art Of Calligraphy

Art Of Calligraphy means calligraphy or writing along with creating beauty, and the person who does this process is called a calligrapher, especially when calligraphy is a person’s profession.  Sometimes it is difficult to understand calligraphy as Persian art.

It seems that to understand and enjoy the visual experience of calligraphy, we must know that in addition to writing a text, calligrapher has tried to create a work of traditional art with aesthetic values. [1]  Is.  Also, since this art has aspects of tradition at its heart, it must be distinguished from typography, which is based on modern graphic values ​​and printed works.

Calligraphy is found in almost all cultures, but in the Orient, and especially in Islamic lands and Iran, it is essential among the visual arts.  Islamic calligraphy and Iranian calligraphy are a balance between all their components and elements.

The balance between being useful and consumable on the one hand and its dynamism and deformation on the other;  The balance between form and content, which with all its elegance and softness can provide the right shape for different meanings.

If we consider that Islamic and Iranian calligraphy is formed based on very specific forms, rules, and systems, and each of the letters of different pens has a special form system, and to a large extent, it is unchangeable.  We then find out what an amazing invention and observance the creation of new pens or the personal methods of calligraphers arises.

In Art Of Calligraphy, the size of each letter and its relation to other letters is determined with great precision, and each letter becomes a fixed “module”, the violation of which is ignoring a centuries-old agreement that is always between the calligrapher and the audience and with the consent of both parties.

Even the order of the words was determined based on certain principles that were formulated and presented by the great masters in the “Art Of Calligraphy” and the “etiquette”.  The placement of the words – “chair” – each line, though not entirely predictable and tasked – which was impossible – but in the form of “desirable taste” had its own proposed aesthetic context.

While most of the conversion of ordinary words into artistic calligraphy was done by Iranians, Iranians gradually developed their styles and methods in the Art Of Calligraphy.

Although these innovative methods and pens are popular in other Islamic countries, they are mostly related to Iran and its influential countries such as Central Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India.  In this region, calligraphy has always been considered the highest form of visual art and has a special subtlety.

In Iran after the conquest of Islam, there was calligraphy in the style of abrogation.  During the reign of the Ilkhanids, the religious papers of the books were first decorated with decorative designs.  During the reign of the Timurids in Iran, calligraphy and calligraphy peaked.

Mir Ali Tabrizi founded the Nastaliq script by combining the Naskh and Ta’liq scripts.  The most famous calligrapher of the Qur’an in this period was Baysanghar Mirza.

Calligraphy methods

What are known as Iranian calligraphy methods or pens are mostly invented and used to write non-religious texts such as poetry collections, fine art pieces, or for administrative correspondence?  This is while the calligraphy was more religious and sacred for the Ottoman Arabs and Turks.

Although they also use more pens for secretarial and non-religious affairs, the peak of their art – unlike the Art Of Calligraphy – can be seen in the line of wealth and copying and writing of the Qur’an and hadiths.

In Iran, too, for religious matters such as writing the Qur’an or hadiths and narrations, as well as inscriptions in mosques and religious schools, the use of calligraphy and manuscripts were more common, which is more common among the Arabs.  However, the Iranians have also created their distinct methods in these pens.